Jonathan: Son of Saul

The Bible is full of unlikely heroes, who were, when called to the test, able to stand up in courage and glorify God. Jonathan is certainly worthy of our consideration. Focus on 1 Samuel 23.16-17. Jonathan had a deep friendship with David. It’s amazing because this is long after Jonathan has realized he would not be the next king because of his father’s disobedience.

I. 1 Samuel 8 – Israel Demands a King:

  1. 1 Samuel 8 – The people were discontent with the rule of God.
  2. 1 Samuel 9 introduces us to Saul and the first ruling family over Israel.
    1. 9.2 – humanly speaking, Saul looked like the perfect choice for a king. Tall. Handsome. From a warrior tribe.
    2. But his character did not match up. He was actually very weak and indecisive.

II. 1 Samuel 13-14 – Jonathan’s opening act in Scripture

  1. 1 Samuel 13 – Now, two years into Saul’s reign. Philistines gather against Israel.
    1. 13.3, 5 – Jonathan was a man of action.
      1. 13.6-7 – Soldiers of Israel react. (13.15 – only 600 remained.)
    2. 13.8 – Saul remains at Gilgal for 7 days. This is a time of testing.
    3. 13.9 – Saul grows impatient and offers a sacrifice. 13.14 – God removes the kingdom from Saul.
  2. 1 Samuel 14 – Jonathan decides to attack the Philistines.
    1. 14.1 – Jonathan and his armor bearer decide to attack.
      1. The men had to free climb up a steep cliff.
      2. Bozez – “slippery;” Seneh – “sharp, pointed, thorny.”
    2. 14.6 – Jonathan’s statement. Where is his faith?
    3. 14.13-14 – They basically kill 20 Philistine soldiers. The army begins to scatter. God sends an earthquake.
    4. 14.23 – Because of Jonathan’s initiative, God saved Israel that day.
  3. 14.24-46 – Saul’s rash vow.
    1. 14.43 – Saul confronts Jonathan over his violation of Saul’s vow.
    2. 14.43b – I want you to see his courage and honor here.
    3. 14.46 – so the people ransomed Jonathan so that he did not die.

III. 1 Samuel 18-23 – Jonathan’s Second Act:

  1. 18.1-4 – Theirs were knit together. he loved him as his own soul.
  2. 1 Sam 20.32 – Jonathan defends David’s honor. It makes Saul even more mad.
    1. 20.42 – Jonathan had exited and met up with David.
  3. During this time, Jonathan found ways to meet up wth David. See 23.16-17.

IV. 1 SAMUEL 31 – Jonathan’s Final Act

  1. 31.2 – Saul, Jonathan, and 2 of his brothers are killed by the Philistines.
    1. It breaks David’s heart. It totally shatters him. 2 Samuel 1.25-27.
    2. 1 Samuel 20.14-16 – this covenant transcended death.
    3. 2 Samuel 9 – David sought out Mephibosheth.

Conclusion

  1. Compare his first recorded words with his last: 1 Samuel 14.6 and 1 Samuel 23.17
  2. If jealousy is the ugliest of human virtues, it’s absence is the most beautiful.

Download brief outline (PDF)

Download Keynote Presentation (PDF)

2017026

Psalm 100: The Protocol of Worship

How do we enter God’s presence? Psalm 100 tells us how. We must examine and engage our ...

Learn more